Food addiction is not recognized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, although it is characterized by binge eating, cravings, and a loss of control over food.
While someone who occasionally has a craving or overeats would most likely not meet the requirements for the disease.
The most prevalent indications and symptoms of food addiction are listed below:
1. Cravings despite being satisfied
- Even after eating a hearty, nutritious meal, it’s common to experience cravings.
- Hunger and cravings are not the same things.
- When you need to eat something despite having just eaten or been full, it is called a craving.
- This is rather frequent and does not necessarily indicate that someone is addicted to eating. Cravings are common in most people.
- If cravings occur frequently and gratifying or ignoring them becomes difficult, they may be a sign of something else.
These cravings aren’t caused by a lack of energy or calories; rather, they’re caused by the brain’s desire for anything that releases dopamine, a neurotransmitter that plays a part in how humans experience pleasure.
2. Consuming far more food than is intended
There is no such thing as a single mouthful of chocolate or a single slice of cake for certain people. One mouthful becomes twenty, and one slice of cake becomes half a cake.
With any type of addiction, this all-or-nothing mindset is widespread. There is no such thing as moderation because it does not exist.
It’s almost as if asking someone with a food addiction to eat junk food in moderation is similar to urging someone with an alcohol addiction to drink beer in moderation. It’s simply not feasible.
3. Eating until you’re packed to the gills
When giving in to a craving, a person with food addiction may not be able to stop eating until the craving has been met. They may then discover that they have consumed far too much food and that their stomach is full.
4. Feeling bad afterward, yet planning to do it again soon
Attempting to exercise self-control over the consumption of unhealthy foods and then succumbing to temptation might result in guilt.
A person may believe that they are misbehaving or even deceiving themselves.
Despite these negative emotions, a person with a food addiction will continue to follow the same routine.
5. Making up justifications
When it comes to addiction, the brain is a remarkable creature. Deciding to avoid trigger foods might lead to the creation of personal guidelines. These guidelines, however, may be difficult to observe.
When confronted with a yearning, someone suffering from food addiction may discover ways to circumvent the rules and give in to the want.
This way of thinking could be similar to that of someone who is trying to quit smoking. That person may believe that if they don’t buy their pack of cigarettes, they aren’t a smoker. They might, however, smoke cigarettes from a friend’s pack.
6. Consistent failures in enforcing rules
When people are having trouble controlling themselves, they frequently try to make rules for themselves.
Only sleeping in on weekends, always finishing schoolwork straight after school, and never having coffee after a particular hour in the afternoon are just a few examples. These restrictions nearly usually fail for the majority of individuals, and eating regulations are no exception.
One cheats meal or cheat day every week, for example, or just eating junk food at parties, birthdays, or holidays.
7. Hiding eating from others
People who have a history of making rules and failing repeatedly start hiding their fast food use from others.
They may prefer to eat alone when no one else is around, in the car alone, or late at night after everyone else has gone to bed.
8. Physical difficulties prevent you from quitting.
- Your diet has a significant impact on your health.
- Junk food can cause weight gain, acne, foul breath, exhaustion, poor dental health, and other issues in the short term.
- Obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, Alzheimer’s, dementia, and even some types of cancer can all be caused by a lifetime of junk food consumption.
- Someone who is experiencing any of these issues as a result of eating unhealthy foods yet is unable to modify their behaviors is certainly in need of assistance.
- For resolving eating disorders, a treatment plan prepared by competent professionals is usually suggested.
Effects of food addiction on the brain
Food addiction is caused by the same areas of the brain that are involved in drug addiction. Moreover, comparable neurotransmitters are involved, and many of the food addiction symptoms are identical.
- Processed junk meals have a significant impact on the reward centers of the brain.
- These effects are caused by neurotransmitters in the brain, such as dopamine.
- Candy, sugary soda, and high-fat fried foods are among the most dangerous foods.
- Rather than a lack of control, food addiction is thought to be caused by a dopamine signal that changes the biochemistry of the brain.
Why is food addiction such a severe issue?
Food addiction is a severe issue as it shares many of the same symptoms and cognitive processes as drug addiction. It’s just a different chemical, and the societal ramifications might be milder.
- Though the term “addiction” is often used casually, having a true addiction is a serious condition that almost always necessitates treatment.
- Food addiction can impair one’s health and lead to chronic illnesses such as obesity and type 2 diabetes.
- Furthermore, it may hurt a person’s self-esteem and self-image, causing them to be unhappy with their appearance.
- Food addiction, like other addictions, can be emotionally draining and raise a person’s chance of dying young.
Fast Food addiction recovery
There are a few things that can help you prepare for giving up junk food and make the shift smoother for overcoming food addiction:
- Foods that cause a reaction. Make a list of the foods that trigger your cravings and/or binges. These are the meals to stay away from totally.
- Restaurants that serve fast food Make a list of healthy fast-food restaurants and take note of their healthy selections. This may help you avoid relapsing when you’re hungry and don’t feel like cooking.
- What should I eat? Consider what foods to eat, preferably nutritious foods that you enjoy and eat regularly.
- There are advantages and disadvantages. Make several copies of the pro-and-con list. Make copies and keep them in your kitchen, glove box, and handbag or wallet.
- Also, don’t try to lose weight by going on a diet.
- For at least 1–3 months, put weight loss on pause.
- It’s challenging enough to overcome a fo addiction. Adding hunger and constraints to the mix will almost certainly make things more difficult.
- Set a date shortly — like the coming weekend — on which the addictive trigger foods will not be touched again.
Don’t forget to seek help
Most addicts attempt to quit several times before achieving long-term success.
While it is possible to overcome addiction without assistance, even if it takes multiple attempts, it is frequently better to seek food addiction help.
- Addiction recovery can be aided by a variety of health experts and support groups.
- Finding a psychologist or psychiatrist with experience dealing with food addiction can provide one-on-one assistance, but there are also various free group options.
- Overeaters Anonymous (OA), GreySheeters Anonymous (GSA), Food Addicts Anonymous (FAA), and Food Addicts in Recovery Anonymous are examples of 12-step programs (FA).
- These groups meet regularly — some even via video chat — and can provide the necessary support to help people overcome their addictions.
Food addiction is a condition that does not usually go away on its own. It’s likely to develop worse over time unless you make a conscious effort to treat it.
List the benefits and drawbacks of stopping trigger foods, discover healthy food substitutes, and pick a date to begin the road toward health as the first steps toward recovery.
Consider consulting a health professional or joining a free support group. Keep in mind that you are not alone.